Rima International Journal of Education (RIJE)

ISSN Print: 2756 – 6749

Rima International Journal of Education

Rima International Journal of Education was founded in January 2021 by the Faculty of Education of Sokoto State University

Analysis of the Impact of Parents’ Socio-Economic Background on Secondary School Students’ Academic Performance in Sokoto Metropolis Nigeria

Analysis of the Impact of Parents’ Socio-Economic Background on Secondary School Students’ Academic Performance in Sokoto Metropolis Nigeria

Nasiru Abubakar Katami
Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, Sokoto State University

Abstract

This paper analyzed the impact of parent’s socio-economic background on the academic performance of the students in Sokoto metropolis of Sokoto state of Nigeria. There are two objectives, research questions and hypotheses that guided the study. In order to carry out the research, data collected from 350 respondents out of the 4466 students of the schools in Sokoto metropolis, using simple random sampling technique. Questionnaires were administered to the respondents and data collected was analyzed using regression analysis. The results shows that parent’s socio-economic class; fathers’ level of education and mothers’ level of education are the major determinants of the academic performance of students in Sokoto metropolis. The research recommends a vibrant poverty alleviation program for poor parents in Sokoto state.

Keywords

Impact, Parents, Socio-economic Background, Academic performance

Reference

Adewale, (2012). Parental educational Aspiration and Children’s Performance in Funtua Area of Kaduna State. M. Sc. Thesis, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria.

Akpochafor, M. B.  (1985). Socialisation and the parent – child Relationship, Child Development, 19: 127 – 136.

Douglas, J. W. P. (1994). The Home and School. London, Mac Gibson and Kee.

Ezewu, E. E. (1977). Relationship between Social Positions and Academic Achievement within Classroom groups. Sociology of Education, Lagos: Longman Nigeria Ltd.

Enoh, A. O. (2003). Elements of Education and Society. Fab Amech Ltd.

Fan, X. (2001). Parental involvement and students’ Academic Achievement: A Growth Modelling Analysis. The Journal of Experimental Education, 70 (1): 27 – 61.

Funmilola et al (2013). “Influence of Family and School Variables on Secondary School students’ academic achievement in Kwara State, Nigeria”. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of Ilorin.

 

Grith, D. K. (2004). Family Structure and Children Educational attainment, the Heritage Foundation, Washington, DC: 214 Massachusetts Avenue M. E.

Hanes, (2008). “Socio-Economic Variables, Determinants of Academic Performance in Nigerian Universities”. Unpublished Research paper, Human Resources Centre, University of Lagos.

Khan, R. M., Khan, M. A. and Zubairi, N. (1999). Parental Involvement and Reading Attainment: A Study of 4th Grade Pakistani Children, Journal Pendidikan,20: 83 – 94; Fakulti Pedidikan University, Malaya.

Krejecie, R. and Morgan, D. W. (1970). “Determining Sample Size for Research Activities. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 30.

Muhammad, R. (2007). “The Relationship between self-concept, Family Background and Academic Achievement among Female Science Secondary School Students in Sokoto”, unpublished PhD. Thesis, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto.

Pamela, E. & Kean, V. (2005). The influence of parents’ education and family income on child achievement: The indirect role of parental expectations and the home environment. Journal of Family Psychology, 19 (2): 294 – 304.

Oguntoye, A. O. (1982). Input, Output analysis in a Nigerian Secondary School system, Saha cited in Walframs (2005) Parents Involvement in the Home, School and Community      Colorado West View Press.

Salafani, J. D. (2004). The educated parent: recent trends in raising children. Connecticut: Praeger Publishers.

Sambo, A. A. (2008). Research method in education. Ibadan: Stirling Horden Publishers (Nig.) Ltd.

Schneider, B. and Lee, Y. (1990). A Model for Academic success: The School and Home Environment of East Asia students. Anthropology and Education Quarterly, 21 (4): 358 – 377.

Suresh, K. N. V. (2010). Parental Involvement in children’s Education: Does parents’ Education level really Matters? European Journal of Social Sciences, 16 (3): 430 – 445.

UNESCO – IIEP (1992). Increasing and improving the quality of basic education. International Institute of Educational Planning, UNESCO, Paris.