Rima International Journal of Education (RIJE)

ISSN Print: 2756 – 6749

Rima International Journal of Education

Rima International Journal of Education was founded in January 2021 by the Faculty of Education of Sokoto State University

Influence of Social Media on Undergraduates Low Patronage to University Library Services in Sokoto State University, Sokoto

1Jamilu Isah
InuwaAbdulkadir Library, Sokoto State University

2Sadiq Aisha Yelwa
InuwaAbdulkadir Library, Sokoto State University

3Bala Dan Amo
InuwaAbdulkadir Library, Sokoto State University


The aim of the study was to determine the Influence of social media on Undergraduates’ low patronage to university library services in Sokoto State, Nigeria. Three research questions were formulated to guide the study. The researcher used descriptive survey research design for the study. The population of the study comprises two thousand two hundred (2,200) Undergraduate students of the university, three hundred and twenty-one (321) were sampled using proportionate sampling technique. The questionnaire was titled Influence of Social Media on Undergraduate’s Patronage Questionnaire (ISMUPQ). The instrument was face validated by three experts one from Measurement and Evaluation unit and two experts from Department of Library and Information Science, University of Nigeria, Nsukka. Data collected was analyzed using frequency and percentage score. The major finding of the study revealed the extent of using social media such as:  Facebook, WhatsApp, Twitter, Badoo, Instagram, Messenger, YouTube by the Undergraduates which may eventually prevent them to patronize University library services. The findings showed that social media do not allow undergraduates to patronize library services, it affects students spelling and addiction to social media also affect students’ academic life. It also revealed adoption of social media sites to disseminate information resources, maximum time should not be given to social media, organizes group discussion are the strategies to minimizes the effect of social media and increase the level of patronage to university library services. In-conclusion some recommendations were made which includes: Libraries can also curtail  the effect of social media by adopting social media sites to disseminate information resources, promote reading habit among undergraduates by organizing literacy activities such as book discussion, library orientation, library seminar and friendly demeanor of librarians, will go a long way.


Social Media, Undergraduates, Library Patronage and Library services


Akintunde, S. A. (2006). State of ICTs in Tertiary Institutions in Nigeria: window in the universities. A compendium of papers at the 44th Annual National Conference and AGM of Nigerian Library Association, June 2006. 123-137.

Basky, E. and Purdon M. (2006). Introducing web 2.0 social networking and social bookmaking for health librarians: Journal of the Canadian Health Libraries Association. 27 (3) https://journals.library.ualberta.ca/jchla/index.php/jchla/article/view/22472

Boyd, D.M. & Ellison, N.B. (2007). Social network sites: Definition, history, and scholarship.   Journal of Computer Mediated Communication. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1083-6101.2007. 00393.x

Eke, H. N., Omekwu, C. O. and Odoh, J. N. (2014). The Use of Social Networking Sites among the Undergraduate Students of University of Nigeria, Nsukka” (2014). Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal). 1195. 

Humphrey, J. (2008). Engaging students with books and other print materials for a happy and productive life. Retrieved from www.mgrn.evansville.edu.

Neal, D, R. (2012). Social media for academics (electronic resources): A practical guide. Oxford: Chandos. Pub.,2012.

Jha, J., Jaipuria, N., Jha, S and Sinha, P. (2016). Effect of Social media on Student International Journal of Computer Applications. (0975 – 8887) International Conference on Advances in Information Technology and Management ICAIM – 2016.

Kaplan, A. and Haienlein, M. (2010) Users of the World, Unite: The challenges and opportunities            of social media: Business horizons, 53, 59, 68 available online at www.sciencedirect.com


Kpolovie, P. J., Joe, A. I. and Okoto, T. (2014). Academic Achievement Prediction: Role of Interest in Learning and Attitude towards School. International Journal of Humanities, Social Sciences and Education (IJHSSE), 1 (Issue 11): 73- 100s (Online).

Kolan, B. J. and Dzandza, P. E. (2018). Effect of Social Media on Academic Performance of Students in Ghanaian Universities: A Case Study of University of Ghana, Legon. Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal). 1637. https://digitalcommons.unl.edu/libphilprac/1637

Oni, N. (2004). Library services: STK

Reitz, J. (2004). Dictionary for Library and Information Science. Westport, Connecticut: Libraries Unlimited.

Sudha, S and Kavitha Es. (2016). “The Effect of Social networking on Students’ Academic Performance: the perspective of faculty members of Periyar University, Salem” (2016). library philosophy and practice (e-journal). 1455.

Schoenberger, N. (2018). Access to information in the age of Trump. Emerging Library & Information Perspectives, 1 (6) https://doi.org.10.5206/elip.v1i1.360